Back in 2010 The Center for American Progress published an excellent series on the tradition of progressive movement in the United States beginning in the last 19th Century. I found this series to be a great concise chronicle of the movement.
I’ve included links to each part of this series which I recommend reading.
Part One: The Progressive Intellectual Tradition in America – Part one examines the philosophical and theoretical development of progressivism as a response to the rise of industrial capitalism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Part Two: The Progressive Tradition in American Politics – Part two examines the politics of national progressivism from the agrarian populists to the Great Society.
Part Three: Social Movements and Progressivism – Part three examines the influence of social movements for equality and economic justice on the development of progressivism.
Part Four: Universal Human Rights in Progressive Thought and Politics – Part four of the series examines the important role of human rights in the development of progressive thought and activism both domestically and globally.
Part Five: The Progressivism of America’s Founding – Part five examines the relationship between progressivism and America’s founding.
Part Six: The Role of Faith in the Progressive Movement – Part six examines the religious roots of progressivism.
Part Seven: The Origins and Evolution of Progressive Economics – Part seven examine several core assumptions that broadly define a progressive approach to economics in terms of theory, values, and practice